Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 1-8
Global Garbage Problem - Addressing Waste Management Woes in Stadiums
Nguyen Duc Thanh, The Center of Physical and Defense Education, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Received: Dec. 23, 2018;       Accepted: Jan. 22, 2019;       Published: Feb. 21, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsspe.20190401.11      View  178      Downloads  64
Abstract
Sporting events regularly take place in stadiums. To serve thousands of spectators’ entertainment needs, in addition to meeting a range of sports activities such as lighting yards, showing scoreboards on screen, watering and mowing grass, the managers also have to spend a huge budget for the collection and disposal after each event. Mixed trash after games is very terrible and could rise up to tens of tons. It takes thousands of hours of work by hundreds of sanitation workers and volunteers to clean them. This situation is a waste and not a few headaches managers. Many solutions have been in place. The most viable one of them is that instead of dealing with garbage passively, it was classified, recycling, reusing, significantly saving money but also protecting the environment. This paper has synthesised efficient solutions for handling waste from the stadium in the world.
Keywords
Environment, Recycling, Saving, Solutions, Stadium, Waste
To cite this article
Nguyen Duc Thanh, Global Garbage Problem - Addressing Waste Management Woes in Stadiums, International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsspe.20190401.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Readymag.com (2018), LEED in Motion Venues. Retrieved from Readymag.com website (https://readymag.com/usgbc/venues/leed/).
[2]
WM.com (2013). Sustainable Stadiums & Arenas. Retrieved from WM.com website (https://www.wm.com/sustainability-services/documents/insights/Stadiums%20and%20Arenas%20Insight.pdf).
[3]
Nguyen Xuan Nguyen, Tran Quang Huy (2004). The technology of solid waste and garbage disposal. Ha Noi: Science and Technology Press.
[4]
Telegraph View (2018), Let's be honest about recycling. Retrieved from Telegraph Media Group website: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/2018/10/19/honest-recyling/ [Accessed October 19, 2018 ].
[5]
Cook Islands News (2018), Plastic swallowing our oceans. Retrieved from dangcongsan website (http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/Preview/PrintPreview_En.aspx?co_id=30293&cn_id=721096). [Accessed May 28, 2018].
[6]
Audrey McAvoy (2014). Study: 270,000 tons of plastic float in the ocean. The Retrieved from The Jakarta Post website (https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/12/11/study-270000-tons-plastic-floating-oceans.html). [Accessed December 11, 2014].
[7]
Laura Parker (2015). Eight million tons of plastic dumped in ocean every year. Retrieved from National Geographic website (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/02/150212-ocean-debris-plastic-garbage-patches-science/). [Accessed February 13, 2015].
[8]
CBC News (2014), Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 search shows extent of ocean trash . Retrieved from cbc.ca website (https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/malaysia-airlines-flight-mh370-search-shows-extent-of-ocean-trash-1.2594539). [Accessed Apr 01, 2014].
[9]
Ariel Schwartz (2013). The 10 types of trash that are littering our beaches. Retrieved from Fastcompany website: http://www.fastcoexist.com/1682053/the-10-types-of-trash-that-are-littering-our-beaches. [Accessed May 16, 2013].
[10]
Laura Parker (2015). Eight million tons of plastic dumped in ocean every year. Retrieved from National Geographic website (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/02/150212-ocean-debris-plastic-garbage-patches-science/). [Accessed February 13, 2015].
[11]
Deutsche Welle (2012). World Bank warns of growing global waste mountain. Retrieved from Deutsche Welle website (http://www.dw.com/en/world-bank-warns-of-growing-global-waste-mountain/a-1600713508/06/2012). [Accessed June 08, 2012].
[12]
Reuters (2018). Global waste could grow by 70 percent by 2050 as cities boom, warns World Bank. Retrieved from swachhindia.ndtv.com website (https://swachhindia.ndtv.com/global-waste-management-world-waste-to-grow-as-cities-boom-warns-world-bank-25247/). [Accessed September 26, 2018].
[13]
Statista.com (2018). Average per game attendance of the five major sports leagues in North America 2017/18. Retrieved from Statista.com website (https://www.statista.com/statistics/207458/per-game-attendance-of-major-us-sports-leagues/).
[14]
Calrecycle.ca.go (2018). Venues and Events: Reducing Waste. Retrieved from Calrecycle.ca.go website (https://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/venues). [Accessed August 13, 2018].
[15]
Communist Party of Vietnam online newspaper (2015), Solid waste treatment complex inaugurated in Da Nang city. Retrieved from dangcongsan website (http://en.dangcongsan.vn/science-education/solid-waste-treatment-complex-inaugurated-in-da-nang-city-310333.html). [Accessed June 30, 2015].
[16]
FIFA (2018). Waste Management Concept 2018 FIFA World Cup™. Retrieved from resources.fifa.com website (https://resources.fifa.com/image/upload/waste-management-concept-2018-fifa-world-cup-russiatm-2874784.pdf?cloudid=uqrjkjrhrtcdezz2qqvd).
[17]
Lidija Grozdanic (2013). Nike’s Shanghai concept store is made with 50,000 old cds, 5,500 used soda cans. Retrieved from Inhabitat website (http://inhabitat.com/new-nike-concept-store-in-shanghai-is-made-entirely-from-trash/.) [Accessed August 29, 2013].
[18]
Christopher Williams and Steven Sherman (2005). Baseball stadium hits home run for recycling and composting. Retrieved from BioCycle website (http://www.biocycle.net/2005/02/23/baseball-stadium-hits-home-run-for-recycling-and-composting/). [Accessed February 2005, Vol. 46, No. 2, p. 56].
[19]
The Prime Minister (2007). Decision No. 177/2007/QD-TTg of november 20, 2007, approving the scheme on development of biofuel up to 2015, with a vision to 2025. (https://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/decision_177-2007-ttg_eng_2.pdf).
[20]
Trong Tan (2015). HCMC calling for investment in incinerator generated power projects. Retrieved from Ministry of Industry and Trade website (http://vneec.gov.vn/tin-tuc/activity-news/t21321/hcmc-calling-for-investment-in-incinerator-generated-power-projects.html) [Accessed May 08, 2015].
[21]
Andreas Illmer (2018). World Cup: Japan fans impress by cleaning up stadium. Retrieved from bbc.com website (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44492611) [Accessed 20 June, 2018].
Browse journals by subject