Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2017, Page: 53-56
Proprioception and Balance as Predictors of Ankle Injuries Among NCAA Student Athletes
Ashley B. Stiltner, College of Arts and Sciences, King University, Bristol, TN, USA
Haley Felts, College of Arts and Sciences, King University, Bristol, TN, USA
Kenneth D. Royal, Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
Received: Jul. 7, 2017;       Accepted: Jul. 17, 2017;       Published: Aug. 11, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsspe.20170204.11      View  3510      Downloads  237
Ankle sprains are common in sports and account for nearly 15% of all sports-related injuries. Ankle injuries often result in functional instability of the ankle that makes these injuries susceptible to recurring. Extant research has noted that functional instability of the ankle does not result from mechanical hypermobility, but instead from a loss of neuromuscular control. Thus, it seems proprioception and balance could be a predictor of ankle sprain. Given the costs of ankle injuries for collegiate athletes (e.g., painful, potentially recurring, expensive to treat, result in loss of playing time, and may potentially impact a student athlete’s potential for a career as a professional athlete), this study sought to determine if various factors such as gender, sport played, history of balance problems, self-perception of ankle stability, and the result of a modified Romberg Test could predict ankle sprain among 128 NCAA Division II student athletes.
Balance, Student Athletes, NCAA, Ankle Injury, Athletic Training, Sports Medicine, Athletic Injuries
To cite this article
Ashley B. Stiltner, Haley Felts, Kenneth D. Royal, Proprioception and Balance as Predictors of Ankle Injuries Among NCAA Student Athletes, International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 53-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsspe.20170204.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Wilkerson, G. B. (1992). Ankle injuries in athletes. Primary Care, 19, 377-392.
Holme, E., Magnusson, S. P., Becher, K., et al. (1999). The effect of supervised rehabilitation on strength, postural sway, position sense and re-injury after acute ankle ligament sprain. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 9 (2), 104-109.
Ananda coomarasamy, A., & Barnsley, L. (2005). Long term outcomes of inversion ankle injuries. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39: e14; discussion e14.
Konradsen, L., Bech, L., Ehrenbjerg, M., et al. (2002). Seven years follow-up after ankle inversion trauma. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Sciences in Sports, 12, 129–35.
Richie, D. H. Jr. (2001). Functional instability of the ankle and the role of neuromuscular control: A comprehensive review. Journal of Foot Ankle Surgery, 40 (4), 240-251.
De Noronha, M., Refshauge, K. M., Herbert, R. D., Killbreath, S. L., & Hertel, J. (2006). Do voluntary strength, proprioception, range of motion, or postural sway predict occurrence of lateral ankle sprain? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40 (10), 824-828.
Leanderson, J., Eriksson, E., Nilsson, C., & Wykman, A. (1996). Proprioception in classical ballet dancers. A prospective study of the influence of an ankle sprain on proprioception in the ankle joint. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 24 (3), 370-374.
Mohammad, A., Hossein, K., Hossein, F., & Soghrat, F. (2006). Balance problems after unilateral ankle sprains. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 43, 819-824.
Golditz T, Steib S, Pfeifer K, et al. (2014). Functional ankle instability as a risk factor for osteoarthritis: Using T2-mapping to analyze early cartilage degeneration in the ankle joint of young athletes. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 22, 1377–85.
Hubbard-Turner, T, & Turner, M. J. (2015). Physical activity levels in college students with chronic ankle instability. Journal of Athletic Training, 50, 742–7.
Hubbard-Turner, T., Wikstrom, E. A., Guderian, S., et al. (2015). An acute lateral ankle sprain significantly decreases physical activity across the lifespan. Journal of Sports Science Medicine, 14, 556–61.
Simon J. E., & Docherty, C. L. (2014). Current health-related quality of life is lower in former Division I collegiate athletes than in non-collegiate athletes. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42, 423–9.
Arnold, B. L., Wright, C. J., & Ross, S. E. (2011). Functional ankle instability and health-related quality of life. Journal of Athletic Training, 46, 634–41.
Houston, M. N., Hoch, J. M., Gabriner, M. L., et al. (2015). Clinical and laboratory measures associated with health-related quality of life in individuals with chronic ankle instability. Physical Therapy in Sport, 16, 169–75.
Houston, M. N., Hoch, J. M., & Hoch, M. C. (2015). Patient-reported outcome measures in individuals with chronic ankle instability: A systematic review. Journal of Athletic Training, 50, 1019–33.
Houston, M. N., Van Lunen, B. L., & Hoch, M. C. (2014). Health-related quality of life in individuals with chronic ankle instability. Journal of Athletic Training, 49, 758–63.
National Institute of Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (2001). Balance and Procedures Manual. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhanes/ba.pdf. Accessed on July 7, 2017.
Kim, S., Kim, M., Kim, N., Kim, S., & Han, G. (2012). Quantification and validity of modified Romberg tests using three-axis accelerometers. Green and Smart Technology With Sensor Applications. Edited by: Cho H, Kim T, Mohammed S, Adeli H, Oh M, Lee K-W. Heidelberg: Springer Berlin, 254-261. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 338.
Lanska, D. J., & Goetz, C. G. (2000). Romberg’s sign: Development, adoption, and adaptation in the 19th century. Neurology, 55, 1201-1206.
Findlay, G. F. G., Balain, B., Trivedi, J. M., & Jaffray, D. C. (2009). Does walking change the Romberg sign? European Spine Journal, 18, 1528-1531.
Browse journals by subject